Courses > Semester 5 - Elective courses

Applied Genetics

Contents


Quantitative Genetics

The nature of continuous traits; continuous phenotypes; questions studied in quantitative genetics; statistic tools; polygene inheritance; heritability; response to selection.

Genomics: basic elements

Principles of genomics; construction of genomic maps; correlation between genomic maps and RFLPs, cytogenetic maps & genomic clones; gene detection methods via genomic maps; analysis of bacterial, viral, plant and animal genomes; detection of the genome expression in the transcriptional and translational level; DNA microarrays; genomics application in the environmental, ecological, cellular, molecular research and human genetics.

Behavioral Genetics

The definition of behavior and the contribution of genetics; correlation between genes and environment in behavior; relation of single genes and behavior: examples in animals and humans; polygenic correlation and behavior, instinct and learning ability: examples in animals and humans; genetic approach of behavior in humans: pedigree data, molecular approach, polygenic disorders, examples.

Oncogenes - carcinogenesis

Genetic regulation of cell number (natural and cancer cells); the genetic basis of cell multiplication and the programmed cell death; cancer: the genetics of the uncontrolled cell number; oncogenes; the genomic approach in cancer research, diagnosis and treatment.

Pharmacogenetics - ecogenetics

Genotypes and factors that influence the action of certain medicines; pharmacogenetic polymorphisms; polygenic control; the pharmacogenomic field.

Application of genetics in humans.

Genetic charge; genetic diseases; genetics applications in familial programming; genetic selection and negative eugenics.

Indicative lab courses

Measurenet of a quantitative trait in Drosophila melanogaster.
Geotaxis in Drosophila melanogaster.
Bevavioral study of Drosophila melanogaster fru mutant.
Exercises related to genomics.
gfp reporter gene.
Getting used to various karyotypes. Human karyotype analysis.

Environmental Chemistry

  1. Environmental compartments
    • Water
      • Ground water
      • Surface water
      • Drinking water
      • Legislation about surface and drinking water
    • Soil
      • Soil characteristics
      • Soil pollution
      • Legislation about soils
    • Air
      • Air composition
      • Anthropogenic and biogenic emissions
      • Troposphere, stratosphere, ionosphere
      • Ozone (formation and destruction)
      • Hydrocarbons in the atmosphere
      • Reactions in the atmosphere
      • EU guidelines on atmospheric pollutants
      • Indoor air pollution
  2. Greenhouse effect
    • Greenhouse gases
    • Contribution to the greenhouse effect
    • Climate change
  3. Xenoniotic compounds
    • Cadmium
    • Phenols with emphasis to pentachlorophenol (PCP)
    • Chlorinated dioxins and furans (PCDDs and PCDFs)
    • Phthalic esters
    • Chlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)
  4. Pesticides
    • Chlorinated pesticides
    • Parathion and metabolites
    • Atrazine and metabolites
    • Toxaphene

Ichthyology

Ichthyology lectures

  1. Introduction into the systematic of fish
  2. Shape and movement, Navigation, General anatomy, skeleton, muscle system, circulatory system, blood, respiration, respiratory system, nutrition, digestive system, nervous system, senses, excretion, excretory system, osmosis, reproduction, reproductive system, embryology, growth, age, mortality.
  3. Biological strategies of fish
  4. Aquatic environment: Inland waters, Estuaries, Laggons, Sea
  5. Zoogeography, distribution, ethology, behaviour, adaptation, defence, protection, intraspecific relationships, interspecific relationships, parasitism, populations, migrations
  6. Fisheries: Rivers, lakes, laggons, Sea, Fisheries biology
  7. Greek fish fauna, Epirus fish faua, endemic species, threatened species, enrichments, fish populations management

Laboratory courses

  1. Μorphology, diversity of characters
  2. Teeth, scales (cyclostomes, cartilaginous fishes, bony fishes
  3. Determination of cartilaginous fishes and bony fishes
  4. Biometry, morphometric and meristic characters
  5. Bony fishes anatomy
  6. Scales, preparations
  7. Age and growth
  8. Fecundity
  9. Mortality, models
  10. Software applications in fisheries biology (FISAT, Fishbase)

Field exercises

  1. Daily exercise in lake Pamvotis. Collection of fishes, examination, preservation of specimens, fishing gears and fisheries production in inland waters, enrichments
  2. Daily exercive in Amvrakikos gulf ( Fishing gears, sea fish fauna and fish populations, fisheries production)
  3. Daily exercise in Louros river: envronment and freshwater fish fauna, river zonation and fauna, fish populations

Didactic of Natural Sciences

  • The nature of Natural Sciences
  • The purpose of the teaching of Natural Sciences
  • Problems of learning in the teaching of Natural Sciences
  • Alternative ideas for students and their impact on the teaching of Natural Sciences
  • The procedures of the scientific method and the teaching of Natural Sciences
  • The constructive learning model of Natural Sciences
  • The role of experiment in conceptual change
  • The role of concept maps
  • Misconceptions of students on concepts of Biology

Economics

Introduction to Entrepreneurship

Reproductive Biology and Assisted Reproduction

Limnology

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